The major expected impact of our project is that our capability for rational design of DCs will enable fast industrialization of materials of very high activity and selectivity, and minimum energy use in their preparation and during the work cycle. DCs have the potential of improving the performance of existing industrial processes including energy production and to lead to exploitation of renewable, efficient and inexpensive sources for biotechnological processes.
The use of self-assembled DCs has the potential to reduce Europe’s reliance on oil as well as imported rare earths and precious metals and to provide industry with new solutions to create more value from plant based biomass thus meeting societal needs. The use of DCs in the context of green chemistry is expected to contribute to a new technological revolution. CellulosomePlus will develop both the technology and technology transfer solutions to produce a highly-efficient but cost-effective bio-inspired nanocatalyst that will be marketable by biotechnology industries into the transport-related sector in addition to other chemical industries. These biotech industries would be processing residues from the agro-food, paper, and forestry based industries.
CellulosomePlus will take advantage of the self-assembly strategy of cellulosomes to produce DCs as biodegradable, safe and environmentally friendly nanocatalysts that can be easily produced with precise control of the composition (particle homogeneity) by well established biotechnological processes. DCs can improve the performance of existing industrial processes for energy production since they will allow transforming inexpensive plant residues very efficiently into fermentable sugars that can serve as precursors for a variety of standard biotechnological processes. Thus, they are the basis for the exploitation of an energy source that is sustainable, renewable and carbon neutral and contribute to recycling by processing industrial residues and minimizing toxic by-products or wastes. Furthermore, achieving this objective can dramatically reduce the dependency of European countries on imported crude oil.